The Maryland Institute College of Art is the oldest art and design college in the US, yet continues to be among the most innovative, pioneering new areas of research and creation with digital and biological fabrication. Through courses on digital and biological fabrication students learn fundamental principles related to bioprinting. This knowledge is applied and developed in “Co-Lab” a collaborative research project lead by Ryan Hoover, faculty in Interdisciplinary Sculpture.

Research Projects


3D Printing Biocement

The bacteria S. pasteurii and other micro-organisms are capable of biocementation via calcite precipitation. Scientists, engineers, and designer have show that this ability holds promise for a range of technical applications. The research group at MICA is exploring the possibility of incorporating this particular biofabrication method into a new 3D printing platform.

Team Members

Ryan Hoover


Ryan is and artist who specializes in experimental forms of 3D printing. He is the lead developer of Xylinus, a plugin for the Rhino/Grasshopper platform, that allows for novel control of 3D printers.

    Dan Langston

    Student Researcher

    Dan is a Printmaking major.

      Bridget Voltz

      Student Researcher

      Bridget is an Interdisciplinary Sculpture and Illustration major.